Global settings

Requires HTML5 doctype

十一选五助手 www.imiln.cn Bootstrap makes use of certain HTML elements and CSS properties that require the use of the HTML5 doctype. Include it at the beginning of all your projects.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  ...
</html>

Typography and links

Bootstrap sets basic global display, typography, and link styles. Specifically, we:

  • Remove margin on the body
  • Set background-color: white; on the body
  • Use the @baseFontFamily, @baseFontSize, and @baseLineHeight attributes as our typographic base
  • Set the global link color via @linkColor and apply link underlines only on :hover

These styles can be found within scaffolding.less.

Reset via Normalize

With Bootstrap 2, the old reset block has been dropped in favor of Normalize.css, a project by Nicolas Gallagher that also powers the HTML5 Boilerplate. While we use much of Normalize within our reset.less, we have removed some elements specifically for Bootstrap.

Live grid example

The default Bootstrap grid system utilizes 12 columns, making for a 940px wide container without responsive features enabled. With the responsive CSS file added, the grid adapts to be 724px and 1170px wide depending on your viewport. Below 767px viewports, the columns become fluid and stack vertically.

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
3
4
4
5
9

Basic grid HTML

For a simple two column layout, create a .row and add the appropriate number of .span* columns. As this is a 12-column grid, each .span* spans a number of those 12 columns, and should always add up to 12 for each row (or the number of columns in the parent).

<div class="row">
  <div class="span4">...</div>
  <div class="span8">...</div>
</div>

Given this example, we have .span4 and .span8, making for 12 total columns and a complete row.

Offsetting columns

Move columns to the right using .offset* classes. Each class increases the left margin of a column by a whole column. For example, .offset4 moves .span4 over four columns.

4
3 offset 2
3 offset 1
3 offset 2
6 offset 3
<div class="row">
  <div class="span4">...</div>
  <div class="span3 offset2">...</div>
</div>

Nesting columns

To nest your content with the default grid, add a new .row and set of .span* columns within an existing .span* column. Nested rows should include a set of columns that add up to the number of columns of its parent.

Level 1 column
Level 2
Level 2
<div class="row">
  <div class="span9">
    Level 1 column
    <div class="row">
      <div class="span6">Level 2</div>
      <div class="span3">Level 2</div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Live fluid grid example

The fluid grid system uses percents instead of pixels for column widths. It has the same responsive capabilities as our fixed grid system, ensuring proper proportions for key screen resolutions and devices.

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
4
4
4
8
6
6
12

Basic fluid grid HTML

Make any row "fluid" by changing .row to .row-fluid. The column classes stay the exact same, making it easy to flip between fixed and fluid grids.

<div class="row-fluid">
  <div class="span4">...</div>
  <div class="span8">...</div>
</div>

Fluid offsetting

Operates the same way as the fixed grid system offsetting: add .offset* to any column to offset by that many columns.

4
4 offset 4
3 offset 3
3 offset 3
6 offset 6
<div class="row-fluid">
  <div class="span4">...</div>
  <div class="span4 offset2">...</div>
</div>

Fluid nesting

Nesting with fluid grids is a bit different: the number of nested columns should not match the parent's number of columns. Instead, each level of nested columns are reset because each row takes up 100% of the parent column.

Fluid 12
Fluid 6
Fluid 6
<div class="row-fluid">
  <div class="span12">
    Fluid 12
    <div class="row-fluid">
      <div class="span6">Fluid 6</div>
      <div class="span6">Fluid 6</div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Fixed layout

Provides a common fixed-width (and optionally responsive) layout with only <div class="container"> required.

<body>
  <div class="container">
    ...
  </div>
</body>

Fluid layout

Create a fluid, two-column page with <div class="container-fluid">—great for applications and docs.

<div class="container-fluid">
  <div class="row-fluid">
    <div class="span2">
      <!--Sidebar content-->
    </div>
    <div class="span10">
      <!--Body content-->
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Enabling responsive features

Turn on responsive CSS in your project by including the proper meta tag and additional stylesheet within the <head> of your document. If you've compiled Bootstrap from the Customize page, you need only include the meta tag.

<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<link href="assets/css/bootstrap-responsive.css" rel="stylesheet">

Heads up! Bootstrap doesn't include responsive features by default at this time as not everything needs to be responsive. Instead of encouraging developers to remove this feature, we figure it best to enable it as needed.

About responsive Bootstrap

Responsive devices

Media queries allow for custom CSS based on a number of conditions—ratios, widths, display type, etc—but usually focuses around min-width and max-width.

  • Modify the width of column in our grid
  • Stack elements instead of float wherever necessary
  • Resize headings and text to be more appropriate for devices

Use media queries responsibly and only as a start to your mobile audiences. For larger projects, do consider dedicated code bases and not layers of media queries.

Supported devices

Bootstrap supports a handful of media queries in a single file to help make your projects more appropriate on different devices and screen resolutions. Here's what's included:

Label Layout width Column width Gutter width
Large display 1200px and up 70px 30px
Default 980px and up 60px 20px
Portrait tablets 768px and above 42px 20px
Phones to tablets 767px and below Fluid columns, no fixed widths
Phones 480px and below Fluid columns, no fixed widths
/* Large desktop */
@media (min-width: 1200px) { ... }

/* Portrait tablet to landscape and desktop */
@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 979px) { ... }

/* Landscape phone to portrait tablet */
@media (max-width: 767px) { ... }

/* Landscape phones and down */
@media (max-width: 480px) { ... }

Responsive utility classes

For faster mobile-friendly development, use these utility classes for showing and hiding content by device. Below is a table of the available classes and their effect on a given media query layout (labeled by device). They can be found in responsive.less.

Class Phones 767px and below Tablets 979px to 768px Desktops Default
.visible-phone Visible
.visible-tablet Visible
.visible-desktop Visible
.hidden-phone Visible Visible
.hidden-tablet Visible Visible
.hidden-desktop Visible Visible

When to use

Use on a limited basis and avoid creating entirely different versions of the same site. Instead, use them to complement each device's presentation. Responsive utilities should not be used with tables, and as such are not supported.

Responsive utilities test case

Resize your browser or load on different devices to test the above classes.

Visible on...

Green checkmarks indicate that class is visible in your current viewport.

  • Phone✔ Phone
  • Tablet✔ Tablet
  • Desktop✔ Desktop

Hidden on...

Here, green checkmarks indicate that class is hidden in your current viewport.

  • Phone✔ Phone
  • Tablet✔ Tablet
  • Desktop✔ Desktop
  • 首例英烈保护公益诉讼案宣判:被告公开赔礼道歉 2018-11-22
  • 2018年俄罗斯世界杯开赛在即:助威世界杯  勺子显身手 2018-11-22
  • 持久战是真打,因为会有清单被逐步落实。美国与中国一样不希望两败俱伤的真打,现在还是叫板中,以增加今后谈判筹码。由于我顺差太大,打不多久就没得打了。所以要来个速决 2018-11-05
  • 品读《红色家书》 牢记初心使命 2018-11-05
  • 晚报实验室 —频道 春城壹网 七彩云南 一网天下 2018-10-30
  • 电影人共聚“微博电影之夜” 张艺谋:如果不当导演就当守门员 2018-10-18
  • 网络媒体新春走基层——西部网新闻频道 2018-10-09
  • 李鹏国的行为是对善良的一种打击,暴露了资本主义的道貌岸然的虚伪本质,女白领的同情心是值得赞扬的,只有不够,没有毛病 2018-10-09
  • 江苏破获偷排危化品船舶洗舱水污染环境案:犯罪嫌疑人陆续归案 2018-09-18
  • 其实逻辑很简单,分配既涉及消费资料又涉及生产资料,消费资料可以按需分配,生产资料就必须按能力意愿行动及生成的结果分配了。 2018-08-30
  • 班车司机行驶中偷拍女乘客 被记2分罚款100元 2018-08-16
  • 让环保的钢牙更锋利些(说道) 2018-08-13
  • 为完善全球治理贡献东方智慧 2018-08-13
  • 习近平要求把这项工作作为重大政治任务 2018-08-11
  • 习近平:在同各界优秀青年代表座谈时的讲话 2018-08-10
  • 754| 352| 651| 360| 519| 888| 685| 766| 340| 227|